What is cocaine?

Cocaine, or coke as it is commonly known, is a stimulant and has a similar effect to amphetamines like speed and ice, but produces a more intense effect and shorter ‘high’ depending upon dosage. Cocaine is a white crystalline powder with a bitter numbing taste.

Cocaine hydrochloride can be further processed to produce cocaine base, which comes in two forms known as freebase and crack. Freebase is also a white powder, while crack generally comes in the form of crystals ranging in colour from white or creamy to transparent with a pink or yellow tinge.

Cocaine is known by a variety of other names, including: coke, Charlie, blow, C, pepsi, nose candy. Crack cocaine is also known as a variety of other names, including: rock, base and sugar block.

This page was last reviewed in March 2014.